2000s

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This article is about the decade starting at the beginning of 2000 and ending at the end of 2009. For the century or millennium starting in 2000 (or 2001 depending on the calendar system in use), see the links below.

Centuries: 20th Century - 21st century - 22nd century
Decades: 1970s 1980s 1990s - 2000s - 2010s 2020s 2030s
Years: 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009

Contents

The decade as a whole

Thus far, the 2000s has been marked with generally an escalation of the social issues the world inherited from the 1990s and the post-Cold War era which included the rise of terrorism, the rapid expansion of communications and telecommunications with cell phones and the Internet, international pop culture, and the expansion of globalization. Politically, the 2000s has been almost entirely dominated by a War on Terrorism, with major terrorist attacks including the World Trade Center attack, the Moscow Theatre Siege, the Madrid train bombings, the Beslan school hostage crisis, the 2005 London bombings, and the 29 October 2005 Delhi bombings. In the news almost daily, especially in the West, the war on terrorism and the rise of American global influence has helped fuel the development of a politically and socially divided world. The 2000s have also witnessed the incredible economic growth of the world's two most populous nations, India and China, and the ramifications their growth has had on the western world.

Names of the Decade

In contrast to the decades from 1920 to 1999, which are called "The Twenties", "The Nineties", and the like; the 2000s has had no generally-accepted name, although it is usually referred to as "The Two-Thousands". The term "The Ohs," referring to the sense of wonder that the then-new decade would bring, was suggested in a Newsday editorial in the late Nineties.

It is also occasionally termed, in historical contexts, the "turn of the millennium" or "turn of the century" (or "turn of the new century," since the idea of 1900 being the "turn of the century" is still fresh in people's minds). This terminology would probably seem silly, however, if used in an informal context.

The decade is often referred to jokingly as 'The Noughties'.

Other possible names include the "Zeroes", the "Zero Decade", the "Double-Ohs", and in a joking context the "New 90s" as many people think the 2000s are nothing more than an extension of the 1990s in a pop cultural aspect.


The United Nations General Assembly declared the decade of 2000-2009 as the "International Decade for a Culture of Peace and Non-Violence for the Children of the World."

Events and trends

Technology

A fourth-generation iPod with earphones.
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A fourth-generation iPod with earphones.
  • A huge jump in broadband internet usage, from 6% of U.S. internet users in June, 2000 to what one study predicts will be 62% by 2010.
  • Boom in music downloading and MP3 audio data compression; rise of portable digital audio players, typified by Apple Computer's iPod
  • Digital cameras become very popular due to rapid decreases in size and cost while photo resolution steadily increases.
  • Google search engine increases trafficability of the internet and "to Google" becomes a verb.
  • Due to an increase in ability to store data, USB flash drives begin to replace zip disks and 3.5-inch diskettes.
  • Graphic cards become powerful enough to render nearly photo-realistic scenes in real time.
  • Windows XP and Microsoft Office 2003 become the ubiquitous industry standard in personal computer software. Open source and free software continues to be a notable but minority interest, with versions of GNU/Linux gaining in popularity, as well as the Mozilla Firefox web browser.
  • Liquid crystal displays begin displacing cathode ray tubes.
  • Major advances in Hybrid vehicles such as the Toyota Prius, Escape, and the Honda Insight.
  • Future energy development
  • Blogs, portals, and wikis become common electronic dissemination methods for professional amateurs and businesses to conduct knowledge management
  • Wikipedia began, and grew rapidly.
  • DVDs replace VCR technology as the common standard at video stores.
  • Wireless networks become commonplace in homes, education institutes and urban public spaces.
  • LASIK eye surgery becomes popular as costs and potential risk decreases and results further improve.
  • OLED (Organic light-emitting diode) technology revolutionizes display technology, making it possible to "print" screens on everyday objects.
  • Home automation and home robotics become popular in North America, mainly typified by Irobots' "Roomba".
  • GPS (Global Positioning System) becomes very popular especially in the tracking of items or people, and the use in cars.
  • RFID (Radio Frequency ID) becomes widely used in retail giants such as Wal-Mart, as a way to track items and automate stocking and keeping track of items.
  • DVRs (Digital Video Recorders), typified by TiVo, allow consumers to modify content they watch on TV, and to record TV programs and watch them later, leading to problems as consumers can fast-forward through commercials, making them useless.
  • Self-Serve Kiosks become very widely available, used for all kinds of shopping, airplane boarding passes, hotel check-ins, fast food, and car rental.
  • Internet usage surpasses TV viewing in 2004.
  • Emerging use of robotics in the medical field. Particularly in surgery.
  • Large increase of computers and other technologies incorporated into vehicles such as Xenon HID headlights, GPS, DVD players, self-diagnosing systems, advanced pre-collision safety systems, memory systems for car settings, back-up sensors and cameras, in-car media systems, mp3 player compatibility, USB drive compatibility, keyless start and entry, satellite radio, voice-activation, cellphone connectivity, adaptive headlights, HUD (Heads-Up-Display), infrared cameras, and Onstar (on GM models).
  • Peer-to-peer technology use: internet telephony (Skype), file-sharing.

Science

War, peace and politics

The World Trade Center ablaze after two airplanes crash into the towers in a terrorist attack
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The World Trade Center ablaze after two airplanes crash into the towers in a terrorist attack
Saddam Hussein shortly after his capture
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Saddam Hussein shortly after his capture

Economics

Culture and religion

Map of results by state of the 2004 U.S. presidential election, representing states as either red or blue.
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Map of results by state of the 2004 U.S. presidential election, representing states as either red or blue.

Other

The coronavirus suggested as a causative agent of SARS.
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The coronavirus suggested as a causative agent of SARS.

Pop Culture

People

World leaders

State leaders by year: 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006...

Entertainers

Sports figures

American Football 
Tom Brady
Ray Lewis
Terrell Owens
Peyton Manning
Donovan McNabb
Michael Vick
Steve McNair
Randy Moss
Brett Favre
Kurt Warner
Athletics
Kenenisa Bekele
Justin Gatlin
Yelena Isinbayeva
Paula Radcliffe
Basketball 
Kobe Bryant
Tim Duncan
Tracy McGrady
LeBron James
Shaquille O'Neal
Vince Carter
Emanuel ("Manu") Ginobili
Steve Nash
Baseball 
Barry Bonds
Derek Jeter
David Ortiz
Mariano Rivera
Vladimir Guerrero
Albert Pujols
Alex Rodriguez
Curt Schilling
Cricket 
Andrew Flintoff
Adam Gilchrist
Inzamam-ul-Haq
Jacques Kallis
Brian Lara
Glenn McGrath
Muttiah Muralitharan
Ricky Ponting
Sachin Tendulkar
Michael Vaughan
Shane Warne
Cycling 
Lance Armstrong
Football 
Luis Figo
Steven Gerrard
Thierry Henry
Oliver Kahn
Henrik Larsson
Paolo Maldini
Ronaldo
Patrick Vieira
Zinedine Zidane
Robinho
Ruud Van Nistelrooy
Ronaldinho
Zlatan Ibrahimovic
Golf 
Tiger Woods
Annika Sorenstam
Phil Mickelson
Michelle Wie
Ice Hockey 
Sidney Crosby
Jarome Iginla
Nikolai Khabibulin
Martin St. Louis
Motor Sport 
Michael Schumacher
Juan Pablo Montoya
Jeff Gordon
Dale Earnhardt Jr.
Danica Patrick
Fernando Alonso
Kimi Räikkönen
Petter Solberg
Sébastien Loeb
Marcus Grönholm
Paralympics 
Tanni Grey-Thompson
Rugby Football 
Martin Johnson
Richie McCaw
Jonny Wilkinson
Swimming & Diving 
Alexandre Despatie
Pieter van den Hoogenband
Ian Thorpe
Michael Phelps
Tennis 
Roger Federer
Andy Roddick
Serena Williams
Maria Sharapova
Triathlon 
Simon Whitfield
Volleyball 
Kerri Walsh
Misty May

See also

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