U.S. Highway 61
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
United States Highway 61 is the official designation for a United States highway that once ran from New Orleans through Memphis and Iowa through Duluth, Minnesota all the way to the Canadian border. It was an important north-south connection in the days before the interstate highway system. Many southerners, particularly black southerners, travelled north along Highway 61 to go to St. Louis. (It did not run to Chicago, as often presumed by some fledgling blues afficionados).
Originally 1,714 miles (2,758 km) long, the road has been shortened to 1400 miles (2,253 km) ending in Wyoming, Minnesota. Minnesota State Highway 61 runs to the Canadian border; then the highway continues to Thunder Bay, Ontario as Ontario provincial highway 61.
The road is also known as the Blues Highway, as it runs through the Mississippi delta country which was an important source of blues music. Son Thomas ("Highway 61"), Mississippi Fred McDowell ("61 Highway") and Jay Farrar of "Son Volt" ("Afterglow 61") all wrote songs about it, and many Mississippians, such as Muddy Waters and Bo Diddley took the blues to Chicago along the route.
Blues singer Bessie Smith died in an automobile accident on Highway 61. Ike Turner's "Delta Cats" drove up Highway 61 to Memphis to record "Rocket 88", one of the first rock and roll records. Elvis Presley grew up in housing projects along it and Martin Luther King, Jr. was shot in a motel on Highway 61. Bob Dylan was born along a stretch of Highway 61, in Duluth, Minnesota. Some of these connections led Bob Dylan to commemorate the highway in the title song of his album Highway 61 Revisited.
Starting in the early 1980's, U.S. Highway 61 between Davenport and Dubuque was rebuilt as a four-lane highway. The first link, a 19-mile stretch between Davenport and De Witt, was finished in 1982; a bypass around De Witt, which multiplexed U.S. Highway 30, was in use starting in November 1975. Subsequent links were completed to Maquoketa (in 1996) and finally to Dubuque in 1999. When the final link was completed, Dubuque finally had a direct four-lane connection to Interstate 80.
In 1983, two multi-lane one-way routes were designated through Davenport starting at the northern city limits. Southbound traffic used the newly constructed Welcome Way until it merges with Harrison Street just north of 35th Street; northbound traffic use Brady Street (which had been a two-way, four-lane street). Other two-way stretches of the highway through Davenport have four (or more) lanes.
- 1996 – The completion of a 4-mile, four-lane stretch between Blue Grass and Interstate 280 in Davenport.
- November 2000 — A 14-mile stretch between Blue Grass and the Muscatine bypass was opened.
- May 2001 — A 3-mile bypass around Blue Grass.
- July 2002 — A 7 1/2-mile stretch, from the Muscatine bypass to the southern tip of Muscatine, just north of Letts.
The final stretch completed a continuous multi-laned link between Dickeyville, Wisconsin south to Letts, Iowa. The highway joins with U.S. Highway 151 about five miles south of Dubuque, where the two highways share a route until Dickeyville.
The 61 Drive In, one of the few Drive-in theaters left in the nation, is located along Highway 61. The theater is located about five miles (8 km) south of Maquoketa, Iowa, near Iowa exit 153 (the Delmar/Lost Nation exit).
The northern section in Minnesota was separated when Interstate 35 was constructed, and decommisioned in 1990. The 151 mile (243 km) long section between Duluth and Grand Portage (at the Canadian border) was redesignated as Minnesota State Highway 61. The section from Duluth to Two Harbors is a four-lane highway.
The highway is a scenic highway and is part of the Lake Superior Circle Route that runs through Minnesota, Ontario, Michigan, and Wisconsin.
The section from Baton Rouge to New Orleans is known as Airline Highway. Although the road fronts the Louis Armstrong New Orleans International Airport, the name originally referred to the highway's straight route which contrasted to that of the winding River Road. On Airline Highway in Jefferson Parish in 1987, Baton Rouge televangelist Jimmy Swaggart was confronted by rival preacher Marvin Gorman as Swaggart exited a motel with a prostitute. This incident increased the area's reputation as a locale of 'seedy motels.' Partly because of that reputation, this section in the suburbs of New Orleans was later renamed Airline Drive.
The highway passes through the following states:
Notable cities along the route
- New Orleans, Louisiana
- Baton Rouge, Louisiana
- Natchez, Mississippi
- Vicksburg, Mississippi
- Greenville, Mississippi
- Clarksdale, Mississippi
- Memphis, Tennessee
- Saint Louis, Missouri
- Hannibal, Missouri
- Davenport, Iowa
- Dubuque, Iowa
- Twin Cities
- Duluth, Minnesota
- U.S. 161
- U.S. Highway 49
- Historic Route 66
- List of United States Highways
- List of Minnesota numbered highways
- Highway 61 Resurfaced, a 2005 novel by Bill Fitzhugh
- Highway 61 Revisited, a 1965 album by Bob Dylan
- Highway 61, a 1991 film by Bruce McDonald
- I drove all the way from Storyville on a midnight Memphis run
- From Bourbon Street to Beale Street straight up Highway 61
- Now the rovin' gambler he was very bored
- He was tryin' to create a next world war
- He found a promoter who nearly fell off the floor
- He said I never engaged in this kind of thing before
- But yes I think it can be very easily done
- We'll just put some bleachers out in the sun
- And have it on Highway 61.
- "Highway 61 Revisited", Bob Dylan
- Endpoints of US highways (used with permission)
- Adam Froehlig (December 20, 2002). Minnesota Highway 61. (http://www.ajfroggie.com/roadpics/mn-ends/mn061.htm) MN Highway Endings. Accessed August 27, 2004.
- Steve Riner (December 27, 2003). Details of Routes 51-75. (http://www.steve-riner.com/mnhighways/r51-75.htm) Unofficial Minnesota Highways Page. Accessed August 27, 2004.
- The Iowa Highways Page
U.S. Highways - Bannered U.S. Highways