San Bernardino, California
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
San Bernardino is the county seat of San Bernardino County, California, United States. As of 2005 the California Department of Finance estimates the population at 199,803. Although rapid residential development is transforming the city into a bedroom community, manufacturing remains a major industry in San Bernardino and the surrounding cities. It is an anchor city of the Inland Empire.
San Bernardino has gone by many nicknames in its short history. Of these, San Berdoo or Berdoo is the most common but is considered by some derogatory. Others include Gate City (to reflect its proximity to Los Angeles), City on the Move (used in the 1970s), and most recently The Heartbeat of Route 66.
San Bernardino is located at 34°7'46" North, 117°17'35" West (34.129510, -117.293150)GR1.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 153.5 km² (59.2 mi²). 152.3 km² (58.8 mi²) of it is land and 1.1 km² (0.4 mi²) of it is water. The total area is 0.74% water.
As of the census of 2000, there are 185,401 people, 56,330 households, and 41,120 families residing in the city. The population density is 1,217.2/km² (3,152.4/mi²). There are 63,535 housing units at an average density of 417.1/km² (1,080.3/mi²). The racial makeup of the city is 45.23% White, 10.41% African American, 1.40% Native American, 4.19% Asian, 0.37% Pacific Islander, 27.12% from other races, and 5.28% from two or more races. 53.48% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There are 56,330 households out of which 44.1% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.9% are married couples living together, 21.1% have a female householder with no husband present, and 27.0% are non-families. 21.1% of all households are made up of individuals and 7.5% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 3.19 and the average family size is 3.72.
In the city the population is spread out with 35.2% under the age of 18, 11.0% from 18 to 24, 29.6% from 25 to 44, 16.0% from 45 to 64, and 8.2% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 28 years. For every 100 females there are 96.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 92.2 males.
The median income for a household in the city is $31,140, and the median income for a family is $33,357. Males have a median income of $30,847 versus $25,782 for females. The per capita income for the city is $12,925. 27.6% of the population and 23.5% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 36.2% of those under the age of 18 and 11.4% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.
- 1810 - Father Dumetz names San Bernardino on May 20, 1810, feast day of St. Bernardino of Siena
- 1843 - Rancho San Bernardino grant to Antonio Maria Lugo
- 1848 - Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo cedes California to the United States
- 1851 - Mormon colony founded
- 1852 - Colonel Henry Washington erects survey monument in San Bernardino Mountains
- 1854 - San Bernardino incorporated
- 1857 - Brigham Young recalls Mormons to Utah. San Bernardino disincorporated
- 1880s - Railroads arrive
- 1886 - San Bernardino reincorporated
- 1926 - San Bernardino Valley College built
- 1942 - Norton Air Force Base opened
- 1965 - California State University, San Bernardino founded
- 1989 - Southern Pacific Railroad freight train derails, killing four
- 1994 - Norton Air Force Base closed
The City of San Bernardino is known for gang activity. Below is a list of some street gangs in the city.
Chicano gangs -w/s verdugo Mount Vernon Rifa -w/s verdugo Calle Siete Locos (7th Street) (Dukes Clique) -w/s verdugo 11th Str. Diablos -w/s verdugo Sur Crazy Ones -w/s verdugo Counts (Lil Count Gangsters-LCG-, Royal Counts-RCG-, Lady Counts) -w/s verdugo Manor Boys -Muscoy X3 -w/s verdugo X3 -e/s Del Rosa Rifa -E/S Trece (they claim L.A.) -E/S Verdugo MeadowBrook Rifa (Dukes clique) -E/S Verdugo Sur -E/S Verdugo Waterman Gardens -E/S Verdugo Vallies -S/S Verdugo Flats Gang (Congress Str.-CRST-, Pear Str. Gang-PSG-, Marijuanos clique) -King Boulevard Stoners-KBS- (they claim L.A.)
-w/s 28th Str. Delman Heights Bloods (1800 Block Ghetto Boyz) -w/s 9th Str. IE Project Crips -w/s California Str. Little Zion Bloods (1900 block Bad Boyz) -w/s 19th Str. Dorjil Estates Bloods -w/s Black Mafia Family (non-bloods/non-crips) (Carvadales clique=CVD) -w/s Magnolia Estates Bloods (1700 Block) -Pimp Playa Hustler Crips -e/s Capone Family Crips -w/s I.E. MOB (18th Str. non-bloods/non-crips) -w/s 14th Str. California Garden Crips (Lightside & Darkside) -w/s Gilbert Street Gang/Bloods (1500 Block Kill gang) -w/s DisneyLand IE Lok's (Bloods) -w/s Five Times (5X) HomeTown Crips (5th Str.)
Famous people from San Bernardino
- Brandie Burton - professional golfer
- Michael R. Clifford - astronaut
- Jon Foreman - Christian rock musician
- Gene Hackman - actor
- Edith Head - Academy Award-winning costume designer
- Jefferson Hunt - Western Pioneer
- Claude R. Kirk, Jr. - former governor of Florida
- John Laurinaitis - professional wrestler
- Alberto Madril - professional wrestler
- Ryan Nece - professional football player, Tampa Bay Buccaneers
- Derek Parra - speed skater, gold medalist at 2002 Winter Olympics
- Dave Stockton - professional golfer
- Lisa Marie Varon aka Victoria - professional wrestler
- Site of first McDonald's restaurant
- Famed British disc jockey John Peel worked at local radio station KMEN in the mid-1960s
- Burial place of guitarist Randy Rhoads
- Site of Mick Jones' last performance with British punk band The Clash
- Mentioned in Nat King Cole's song "(Get Your Kicks On) Route 66"
- The city hosts the Inland Empire 66ers baseball club of the California League.
- Maps and aerial photos
|Incorporated cities and unincorporated communities of San Bernardino County, California|